Increasing urbanization, pollution, emerging disease faces a crisis in the vast array of life on earth. To stem such crisis, insights on niches that are rich in species diversity is very much important. This book preaches the conservation strategies of mangrove, bacteria, fungi, algae and floristic diversities. Each chapter enlightens young minds of those who seek contemporary diversity research as well significant views in conserving them. Research techniques discussed in chapters will showcase a new dimension for the young researchers where they can acquire a compiled version from so far reported fragmented data.